Acoustic – the arm of science concerned with the production, control, transmission, reception, and effects of sound. The term is derived from the Greek akoustos, meaning “heard.”
Chemical – Your body converts the food you eat through digestion to produce chemical energy by turning carbohydrates into glucose. Your bloodstream carries the glucose to all the cells in your body. Then, your body uses the chemical energy glucose provides.
Like an automobile only runs on gasoline, the human body runs on only one kind of energy: chemical energy. More specifically, the body can use only one specific form of chemical energy, or fuel, to do biological work – adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
A nerve cell (neuron) communicates with other cells through electrical impulses when the nerve cell is stimulated. Within a neuron, the impulse moves to the tip of an axon and causes the release of neurotransmitters, chemicals that act as messengers. Light, sound and odors, for example, are transformed by our sensory organs into a code made of series of electrical impulses that travel along neurons from the body to the brain.
Electroshock – The human body is a good conductor of electricity. This means an electric current can easily travel through it. When current travels through someone’s body accidentally or criminally, this is known as an electric shock or electrocution. When nerves are affected by an electric shock, the consequences include pain, tingling, numbness, weakness or difficulty moving a limb. These effects may clear up with time or be permanent. Electric injury can also affect the central nervous system.
Static shocks are when you touch a doorknob (or something else made of metal), which has a positive charge with few electrons, the extra electrons want to jump from you to the knob. That tiny shock you feel is a result of the quick movement of these electrons.
Types of weapons, devices that use Electroshocks are Tasers, Stun gun, Walking Cane 1 Million Volt Stun Device, etc.
Electromagnetic – Low-frequency magnetic fields induce circulating currents within the human body. The strength of these currents depends on the intensity of the outside magnetic field. If sufficiently large, these currents could cause stimulation of nerves and muscles or affect other biological processes
Exposure to electromagnetic fields is not a new phenomenon. However, during the 20th century, environmental exposure to artificial electromagnetic fields has been steadily increasing as growing electricity demand, ever-advancing technologies and changes in social behaviour have created more and more artificial sources. Everyone is exposed to a complex mix of weak electric and magnetic fields, both at home and at work, from the generation and transmission of electricity, domestic appliances and industrial equipment, to telecommunications and broadcasting.
Tiny electrical currents exist in the human body due to the chemical reactions that occur as part of the normal bodily functions, even in the absence of external electric fields. For example, nerves relay signals by transmitting electric impulses. Most biochemical reactions from digestion to brain activities go along with the rearrangement of charged particles. Even the heart is electrically active – an activity that your doctor can trace with the help of an electrocardiogram.
Types of weapons, devices that use Electromagnetic Energy are; Tree cutting Lasers, etc.
Infrared Waves – Infrared (IR) radiation is electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths between 760 nm and 100,000 nm. Low-level light therapy (LLLT) or photobiomodulation (PBM) therapy generally employs light at red and near-infrared wavelengths (600–100 nm) to modulate biological activity. Many factors, conditions, and parameters influence the therapeutic effects of IR, including fluence, irradiance, treatment timing and repetition, pulsing, and wavelength. Increasing evidence suggests that IR can carry out photostimulation and photobiomodulation effects particularly benefiting neural stimulation, wound healing, and cancer treatment. Nerve cells respond particularly well to IR, which has been proposed for a range of neurostimulation and neuromodulation applications, and recent progress in neural stimulation and regeneration.
The applications of IR therapy have moved on rapidly in recent years. For example, IR therapy has been developed that does not actually require an external power source, such as IR-emitting materials, and garments that can be powered by body heat alone. Another area of interest is the possible involvement of solar IR radiation in photoaging or photorejuvenation as opposites sides of the coin, and whether sunscreens should protect against solar IR? A better understanding of new developments and biological implications of IR could help us to improve therapeutic effectiveness or develop new methods of PBM using IR wavelengths.
Light – is a wave, It is an Electromagnetic wave, Different wavelengths of light interact differently with matter. A human can see objects when light passes through the eye., Light waves transfer energy from a source. It is composed of discrete packets of massless photons. Light waves are transverse waves and can propagate even without a medium. Light waves have different forms: radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible light, ultraviolet, X-rays, and gamma rays. Sunlight is a source of visible light and ultraviolet radiation. X-rays and gamma rays are used in medical diagnosis, cancer treatment, and security. Light waves have a wavelength, frequency, and speed. Wavelength is the distance between two identical parts of a wave, such as from crest to crest or trough to trough. Frequency is the number of waves that pass through a fixed point at a given time. Speed is the distance traveled by the wave per unit time. All forms of light waves have the same speed in vacuum (3.00 * 10^8 m/s). Light waves are transverse waves. It is produced by alternating electric and magnetic fields perpendicular to the propagation of the wave.
All objects produce light (electromagnetic waves) – Objects often emit electromagnetic radiation in the infrared spectrum, preventing you from seeing it. If you have a handy infrared camera, the different colors will correspond to the different temperatures of the objects. Objects create shorter wavelengths as they grow hotter. The object could eventually look red or white as the shorter wavelength is produced and made visible to the human eye. Ultraviolet light could be produced at even higher temperatures.
Microwave – radiation can heat body tissue the same way it heats food. Exposure to high levels of microwaves can cause a painful burn. Two areas of the body, the eyes and the testes, are particularly vulnerable to RF heating because there is relatively little blood flow in them to carry away excess heat.
Radiation – Radiation is the emission of energy as electromagnetic waves or moving subatomic particles. Natural radiation comes from many naturally occurring radioactive materials found in soil, water, air and in the body. Every day, people inhale and ingest forms of radiation from air, food and water.
Today, the most common artificial sources of human exposure to radiation are X-ray machines and radiopharmaceuticals used for diagnostic or radiotherapy and other medical devices.
Exposure to radiation can result from natural, planned (medical, occupational) or accidental situations and it may be external, internal (inhalation, ingestion or absorption via a contaminated wound), or a combination of both.
Radio Waves – Most RF fields found in the environment are due to commercial radio and TV broadcasting, and from telecommunications facilities (such as mobile phone base stations). RF exposure from telecommunications facilities is generally less than from radio or TV broadcasting. RF sources in the home include microwave ovens, mobile telephones, cordless telephones, wireless computer networks, smart meters, burglar alarms, and remote controls. Overall, the RF field background level from household appliances is low, and of the order of a few tens of µW/m². Relatively high levels of exposure to RF fields can occur to workers in the broadcasting, transport and communications industries when they work in close proximity to RF transmitting antennas and radar systems. Some industrial processes that use RF fields to heat materials can also produce high exposure to workers.
Exposure to RF reduces very rapidly with distance so although we may be exposed to RF from various sources (such as smart meters, mobile base stations and other wireless communication transmitters), it is close proximity to a particular source (e.g. when using a mobile phone) that will typically dominate the exposure. Measurement surveys have shown that exposure to RF radiation in the environment from various sources is very low and typically much lower than the allowable limit for safety in the Australian RF Standard.
Sound Waves (Sonic & Ultrasonic) – Light waves are made of photons and electric waves are made of electrons but sound waves… sound waves are nothing but vibrations carried by particles! The sound wave produces changes in pressure in the air (or medium). Let me explain this a bit further: when something produces a sound, the sound wave created vibrates the air molecules, and these vibrations travels through the air until it reaches our ear drums and ultimately the Auditory Cortex.
Sound always needs a medium or material to travel through. Do you know that you can’t hear someone speak in space? This is because space has no air molecules, so sound waves don’t have a medium to vibrate! There are two main types of waves: transverse and longitudinal. Light waves and water ripples are transverse, but sound waves are longitudinal. As researchers reveal the mechanisms and magnitude of noise-induced illness, clinicians will become better equipped to identify at-risk patients and prescribe effective solutions.
Ultrasonic vibrations of frequencies greater than the upper limit of the audible range for humans—that is, greater than about 20 kilohertz. The term sonic is applied to ultrasound waves of very high amplitudes.
Types of weapons, devices that use Sound Waves are; Directional Speakers, VoiceToSkull, etc.
Safety – Detectors, Readers, etc.